Friday, March 5, 2021
Heavenly food that excites the tastebuds .

Qufu - Shandong

Qufu is located in the sourthwest of Shandong province. It is a famous historic and cultural city in China, known as the "hometown of Confucius and Mencius", "Place of Literature" and "State of Etiquette".

Qufu is the birthplace of Confucius, the great thinker and educator of China. Confucius established Confucianism, which had a profound impact on Chinese feudal culture in the past thousands of year. Therefore, the rulers and feudal literati of the past dynasties worshiped Confucius. The large-scale Kong Family Mansion, Temple of Confucius, Cemetery of Confucius were set up in Qufu.

Temple of Confucius
Temple of Confucius is located in the center of Qufu city. According to historic records, within two years after the death of Confucius, his former house in Qufu was rebuilt to be consecrated as a temple by Lu Aigong, a king of the state of Lu. After the reconstruction and extension in later dynasties, it reached its current scale in Ming Dynasty. In total, Temple of Confucius consists of nine courtyards. It is the second largest historical building complex in China, seceond only to Forbidden City. Inside the temple, there is Xingtan where Confucius used to teach his students. Many stele inscriptions of the past dynasties are kept here, and therefore, the temple is considered the treasure house of calligraphy, painting and carving art.

Kong Family Mansion
East of Temple of Confucius lies Kong Family Mansion where the eldest son and eldest grandson of the direct line of Confucius descent lived and worked. Most of the current mansion was built in Ming and Qing Dynasties. It comprises over 480 halls, buildings and verandas with offices in the front and a private residence in the back, it is a typical house for Chinese nobility. The mansion is honored as the "first house in the world". The archives of Confucius family and a large amount of cultural relics are kept in the mansion.

Cemetery of Confucius
Situated in the north of Qufu city, Cemetery of Confucius is the graveyard for Confucius and his descendants. The cemetery encloses an area of over 3,000 mu (a Chinese measurement unit, equals 667 square m). It is the largest and best-preserved family mausoleum and artificial garden with the longest history. Confucius died in the 16th year of reign of Lu Aigong, and his descendants buried him there. From then on, Confucius descendants never stopped the convention of being buried here for over 2,000 years. Today, there are more than 100,000 tombs in this cemetery with over 100,000 trees and 4,000 stele inscriptions. Kong Shangren, a famous writer and the author of "Peach Blossom Fan", is also buried there.

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